Evolutionary approaches in ethnobotany of medicinal plants and bioprospecting

  • Madeleyne Cupido Programa Multidisciplinario de Posgrado en Ciencias Ambientales, Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí, San Luis Potosí https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5017-3992
  • José Arturo De-Nova Instituto de Investigación de Zonas Desérticas, Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí, San Luis Potosí https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1989-1355
  • Virginia Gabriela Cilia-López Facultad de Medicina-Coordinación para la Innovación y Aplicación de la Ciencia y la Tecnología de la Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí, San Luis Potosí https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0064-4490
keywords: Biodiversity, evosystem, phylogeny

Abstract

Evolution has originated high levels of biodiversity that provide essential benefits to humans called option values of biodiversity. These resources are extracted and used to meet basic needs, such as traditional medicine, which is the result of human experience and its contact with nature over time. Traditional knowledge used as a guide for bioprospecting and ethnomedicinal research is the first step to protecting it and making it visible. The need to apply phylogenetic approaches and their importance for the development of ethnobotany in Mexico is discussed, as well as their implications for the discovery, use and conservation of medicinal resources for human well-being. This approach, elucidating the evolutionary history of species, can improve bioprospecting practices since they point out related species which could produce useful chemical compounds. This new approach is relevant to biotechnology and emphasizes the importance of preserving biocultural heritage.

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Author Biography

José Arturo De-Nova, Instituto de Investigación de Zonas Desérticas, Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí, San Luis Potosí

My research focuses on the application of molecular tools to basic questions of plant phylogeny (evolutionary relationships), biogeography, and diversity. Major topics of current investigation include phylogenetic  diversity studies of the Mexican flora.

Evolutionary approaches in ethnobotany of medicinal plants and bioprospecting

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Published
2023-11-15
How to Cite
Cupido, M., De-Nova, J. A., & Cilia-López, V. G. (2023). Evolutionary approaches in ethnobotany of medicinal plants and bioprospecting. Botanical Sciences, 102(1), 26-38. https://doi.org/10.17129/botsci.3325
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OPINION PAPER