Structure and carbon sequestration in urban mangroves, fundamentals for conservation in Isla del Carmen Campeche, Mexico

keywords: urban development, forest structure, blue carbon, Laguna de Terminos

Abstract

Background: In the Yucatan Peninsula, some mangrove areas were filled with rubble and residential areas were latter developed.

Questions: Can the knowledge of the forest structure and carbon storage be used to establish a baseline for urban mangrove conservation?

Study speciesRhizophora mangle L., Laguncularia racemosa Gaertn f., Avicennia germinans L. y Conocarpus erectus L.

Location and study year: Isla del Carmen, Campeche, 2017.

Methods

Sampling units were established for assessing vegetation structure and measuring above-ground and below-ground carbon stock in two mangrove zone; the first one was filled with rubble and the second without land use changes. 

Results: The site filled with rubble had a basal area of 25.4 m2 ha-1, where A. germinans was the dominant species with stand density of 675 trees ha-1, with average height of 5.5 m and average diameter at breast height of 13.4 ± 1.6 cm. The site without land use changes had a basal area of 27.8 m2 ha-1 and A. germinans was also the most abundant species with 731 trees ha-1, but individuals were smaller (5.0 m tall) and with greater diameter at breast height (15.2 cm), as compared with the other site. The estimated total carbon stored in the second site (383 Mg C ha-1) was higher than in the first one (321 Mg C ha-1).

Conclusions:  The ecological value of carbon sequestration and forest structure contributed to strengthening the conservation and protection measures against invasions of urban mangroves.

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Structure and carbon sequestration in urban mangroves, fundamentals for conservation in Isla del Carmen Campeche, Mexico

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Published
2022-06-14
How to Cite
Hernández-Nava, J., Pascual-Barrera, A. E., Zaldívar-Jiménez, A., & Pérez-Ceballos, R. (2022). Structure and carbon sequestration in urban mangroves, fundamentals for conservation in Isla del Carmen Campeche, Mexico. Botanical Sciences, 100(4), 899-911. https://doi.org/10.17129/botsci.3048
Section
ECOLOGY / ECOLOGÍA