Variación en diversidad y composición de especies macrofúngicas a través de diferentes tipos de vegetación en Oaxaca, México

keywords: macromycetes, oak forest, pine forest, species richness

Abstract

Background: Macromycetes play relevant roles in ecosystem functioning as pathogens, mutualists, and organic matter decomposers. Their diversity and distribution are strongly related to environmental conditions and vegetation types, however, there is a lack of ecological studies assessing which biotic and abiotic factors affect macrofungal communities.

Questions: Which vegetation type harbors the highest macromycete diversity? Do macromycete diversity and species composition change among forest types? Which are the main environmental factors related to diversity and distribution patterns along the study area?

Data description: Macromycete species richness and abundance, and environmental variables recorded in temperate forests.

Study site and dates: Ayoquezco de Aldama, Oaxaca. June-November 2019.

Methods: Macromycetes were collected twice a month in oak, oak-pine, pine-oak and pine forests, and environmental variables were recorded at each site. Species diversity and composition turnover were calculated using diversity and similarity indexes. The relation between diversity and species composition with environmental variables was determined with statistical analyses.

Results: A total of 186 species were collected. Oak-dominated forests showed the highest similarity in macromycete diversity and species composition. The observed patterns of diversity and distribution were related mainly to air and soil humidity and temperature, topographic factors, and vegetation structure.

Conclusions: Macromycete diversity and species composition can conspicuously change in short distances owing to the heterogeneity of habitats and resources provided by woody plants, and the topographic characteristic of the landscape. Vegetation type affects both macromycete diversity and distribution due to its influence on local temperature and humidity.

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Author Biographies

Brenda Pérez-Rosas, CIIDIR Unidad Oaxaca, Instituto Politécnico Nacional. Santa Cruz Xoxocotlán, Oaxaca

 

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Marko Gómez-Hernández, CONACYT-CIIDIR Unidad Oaxaca, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Oaxaca

 

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Etelvina Gándara, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas. Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Puebla, Puebla

 

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Variación en diversidad y composición de especies macrofúngicas a través de diferentes tipos de vegetación en Oaxaca, México

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Published
2022-05-23
How to Cite
Pérez-Rosas, B., Gómez-Hernández, M., & Gándara, E. (2022). Variación en diversidad y composición de especies macrofúngicas a través de diferentes tipos de vegetación en Oaxaca, México. Botanical Sciences, 100(4), 827-836. https://doi.org/10.17129/botsci.3012
Section
ECOLOGY / ECOLOGÍA