Survival of 12 native tree species in restoration plantings in the dry forest

  • Jose Flavio Marquez Torres Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos
  • Cristina Martínez-Garza Centro de Investigación en Biodiversidad y Conservación, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos, Cuernavaca https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9310-564X
keywords: legumes, seasonally dry forest, Sierra de Huautla, successional status

Abstract

Background: Dry Forest can be recovered with restoration plantings. Selection of tree species for restoration plantings depends on its successful performance under the adverse conditions of degraded areas.

Hypotheses: Early-successional legume species have higher survival in degraded areas.

Studied species: Twelve native tree species from the dry forest.

Study site and dates: Pastures excluded from cattle ranching activities in Quilamula, Tlaquiltenango, Morelos, Mexico for 28 months, from July 2017 to October 2019.

Methods: Experimental plantings of 12 tree species (N= 1,080 juveniles). Survival was registered in October 2017, June and October 2018, and in October 2019.

Results: Early-successional tree species showed higher survival (27 %) than late- successional species (20 %). Legumes showed higher survival (25 %) tan non-legumes (22 %). Early non-legume species and late-successional legumes had a similar and higher survival (> 30 %) than early-successional legume species (<18 %).

Conclusions: To ensure the success of restoration plantings and accelerate the recovery of the forest, it is suggested to plant a mix of early-successional species (i.e., Dodonaea viscosa Jacq. and Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) De Wit) and as many late-successional legumes and non-legumes species as possible.

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Survival of 12 native tree species in restoration plantings in the dry forest

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Published
2022-02-02
How to Cite
Marquez Torres, J. F., & Martínez-Garza, C. (2022). Survival of 12 native tree species in restoration plantings in the dry forest. Botanical Sciences, 100(2), 314-330. https://doi.org/10.17129/botsci.2878
Section
ECOLOGY / ECOLOGÍA