Responses of photosynthetic and stoichiometric traits to aridity in species and functional types of two sonoran desert plant communities

  • Delia Marina Acuña-Acosta DICTUS, Universidad de Sonora. Hermosillo, Sonora
  • Alejandro E. Castellanos-Villegas DICTUS, Universidad de Sonora https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4804-0119
  • José Manuel Llano-Sotelo DICTUS, Universidad de Sonora. Hermosillo, Sonora
  • José Raúl Romo-León DICTUS, Universidad de Sonora. Hermosillo, Sonora
keywords: chlorophyll fluorescence, carbon in leaves, nitrogen in leaves, phosphorus in leaves, economic spectrum, photosynthesis, stoichiometry

Abstract

Background: Plants in drylands have developed several water use efficiency (WUE) adaptations, although nutrient limitations and excess irradiances affect also their performance. Previous findings of high photosynthetic rates and nitrogen concentration in leaves, may contradict the known low productivity in their communities.

Questions: How different are leaf ecophysiological and stoichiometric traits in dryland species? Did species favor higher water or nutrient use efficiencies in contrasting dryland communities?

Studied species / data description /Mathematical model: Calliandra eriophylla, Cercidium microphyllum, Encelia farinosa, Eysenhardtia orthocarpa, Fouquieria diguetii, Fouquieria macdougalii, Ipomoea arborescens, Jatropha cardiophylla, Jatropha cordata, Larrea tridentata, Mimosa laxiflora, Olneya tesota and Prosopis velutina.

Study site and dates: Sonoran Desert, Central Sonora Region, Mexico. August - September 2019.

Methods: Ecophysiological and stoichiometric leaf traits were measured and analyzed for dominant species and functional types from two Sonoran Desert plant communities.

Results: We found greater variability in photosynthetic and fluorescence traits than in elemental composition (Nmass, Pmass) and stoichiometry ratios. Species in the arid site tend to have higher photosynthetic rates and photochemical integration but low WUE. In the semiarid community, leaf traits were associated to higher elemental composition (Nmass, Pmass) but low stoichiometric ratios and nitrogen use efficiency (NUE).

Conclusions: Leaf Traits in Sonoran Desert species and functional types correlated with photoprotective mechanisms rather than instantaneous resources use efficiencies, to ensure long term C gain.

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Author Biographies

Delia Marina Acuña-Acosta, DICTUS, Universidad de Sonora. Hermosillo, Sonora

MS student, Posgrado en Biociencias, DICTUS, Universidad de Sonora. Hermosillo, Sonora 83000

Alejandro E. Castellanos-Villegas, DICTUS, Universidad de Sonora

PhD, Profesor Investigador, DICTUS, Universidad de Sonora. Hermosillo, Sonora 83000

José Manuel Llano-Sotelo, DICTUS, Universidad de Sonora. Hermosillo, Sonora

PhD, Full time technician, DICTUS, Universidad de Sonora. Hermosillo, Sonora 83000

José Raúl Romo-León, DICTUS, Universidad de Sonora. Hermosillo, Sonora

PhD, Profesor Investigador, DICTUS, Universidad de Sonora. Hermosillo, Sonora 83000

Responses of photosynthetic and stoichiometric traits to aridity in species and functional types of two sonoran desert plant communities

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Published
2021-02-14
How to Cite
Acuña-Acosta, D. M., Castellanos-Villegas, A. E., Llano-Sotelo, J. M., & Romo-León, J. R. (2021). Responses of photosynthetic and stoichiometric traits to aridity in species and functional types of two sonoran desert plant communities. Botanical Sciences, 99(2), 257-278. https://doi.org/10.17129/botsci.2708
Section
ECOLOGY / ECOLOGÍA