Characterization of fructans from stems of Agave salmiana Otto ex Salm Dyck and A. tequilana F.A.C. Weber in full physiological maturity

keywords: degree of polymerization, maguey mezacalero, maguey tequilero, maguey stems, organic extraction, soluble fiber

Abstract

Background: The physiology of the raw material in the fructan extraction processes is essential to establish criteria that guarantee a homogeneous quality of the product, thus, the optimal physiological maturity in the Agave species can reduce the variability of its quality.

Questions: Does the full physiological maturity of agaves and the exclusive use of their stem influence the profile of carbohydrates and the average DP of their fructans?

Study species: Agave salmiana Otto ex Salm-Dyck (ASE) y A. tequilana F.A.C. Weber (ATE)

Study site and research period: The study was carried out with heads of maguey mezcalero potosino harvested in ejidal pastures in the municipality of Charcas, San Luis Potosí and heads of maguey tequilero that were harvested in Arandas, Jalisco; during the spring of 2019.

Methods: The average DP of the fructans of ASE and ATE with full physiological maturity and organic extraction process and commercial fructans of A. tequilana (ATC) and chicory (IC) was characterized and estimated by HPTLC, HPLC and HP-SEC.

Results: A DP of 14.46, 16.2, 18.25 and 21.11 was found for IC, ASE, ATC and ATE, respectively. When comparing ASE and ATE, with similar full physiological maturity, the proportion of fructans with DP > 10 was 73.2 and 83.74 %, respectively, was recorded.

Conclusion: The choice of Agave with full physiological maturity and the exclusive use of its stems were confirmed the DP for ASE was confirmed to be 16 and a DP of 21 is presented for the first time for A. tequilana F.A.C. Weber.

 

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Characterization of fructans from stems of <em>Agave salmiana</em> Otto ex Salm Dyck and<em> A. tequilana</em> F.A.C. Weber in full physiological maturity

References

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Published
2021-02-14
How to Cite
Regalado Rentería, E., Godínez-Hernández, C. I., Aguirre Rivera, J. R., Camacho Ruíz, R. M., & Juárez Flores, B. I. (2021). Characterization of fructans from stems of Agave salmiana Otto ex Salm Dyck and A. tequilana F.A.C. Weber in full physiological maturity. Botanical Sciences, 99(2), 388-397. https://doi.org/10.17129/botsci.2641
Section
PHYTOCHEMISTRY / FITOQUÍMICA