Diversity and functional traits of terrestrial orchids in forest of a protected natural area of northeastern Mexico

  • Samantha Baltazar Centro Interdisciplinario de Investigación para el Desarrollo Integral Regional, Unidad Oaxaca, Instituto Politécnico Nacional. Santa Cruz Xoxocotlán, Oaxaca https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4994-0186
  • Rodolfo Solano Instituto Politécnico Nacional
keywords: diversity indices, floristic, El Cielo Biosphere Reserve, functional diversity, Orchidaceae

Abstract

Background: The functional traits of plants are related to their adaptive strategies and are important in the diversity of their ecosystems, but they have been little studied. For his adaptations in seasonal environments, terrestrial orchids are a model to study the relationship between taxonomic and functional diversity with the environment.

Questions: How does the orchids diversity and their functional traits change between vegetation types? Do the functional traits allow to recognize orchid groups? Are the diversity and functional traits of orchids associated with environmental variables?

Study site and dates: El Cielo Biosphere Reserve, January 2016 to January 2017.

Methods: The richness, abundance and functional traits of terrestrial orchids were recorded, as well as environmental variables in three vegetation types, estimating the true and functional diversity and the species turnover. Variation in functional traits was analyzed to identify functional groups; the relationships between diversity, functional traits and environmental variables were evaluated.

Results:The cloud and pine-oak forests presented higher true diversity, species turnover and functional diversity than the sub-deciduous tropical forest. Three functional groups determined by traits associated with accumulation and conservation of reserves were recognized. Taxonomic and functional diversity was related to temperature, humidity, and canopy density. There was no relationship between richness and abundance with functional diversity.

Conclusions: Taxonomic diversity does not determine the functional diversity; environments subjected to greater environmental stress presented greater functional diversity; the composition of functional groups evidences convergence events in functional traits.

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Author Biography

Rodolfo Solano, Instituto Politécnico Nacional

Profesor, CIIDIR Unidad Oaxaca

Diversity and functional traits of terrestrial orchids in forest of a protected natural area of northeastern Mexico

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Published
2020-10-06
How to Cite
BaltazarS., & SolanoR. (2020). Diversity and functional traits of terrestrial orchids in forest of a protected natural area of northeastern Mexico. Botanical Sciences, 98(4), 468-485. https://doi.org/10.17129/botsci.2600
Section
ECOLOGY / ECOLOGÍA