Biology and use of Agave lechuguilla

  • Juan Antonio Reyes-Agüero Instituto de Investigación de Zonas Desérticas, Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí
  • Juan Rogelio Aguirre-Rivera Instituto de Investigación de Zonas Desérticas, Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí
  • Cecilia Beatriz Peña-Valdivia Especialidad de Botánica, Instituto de Recursos Naturales, Colegio de postgraduados
Keywords: arid lands, gathering, hard fiber, ixtle, useful plants

Abstract

The lechuguilla (Agave lechuguilla) is a native plant of arid and semiarid regions from Mexico and south of United States; it has been used for its fiber since approximately 8 000 years ago; today, it is fundamental for economy of aproximately 20 000 peasants and their families. A. lechuguilla is a monocarpic plant, with high capacity of intra and inter-specific competence, high resistance to pests, herbivory and environmental strong conditions, its productivity is high (0.38 kg /m2/year), it has broad geographic distribution (aproximatly 100 000 km2) and high capacity of vegetative and sexual reproduction. The continuous exploitation of lechuguilla and its improvement require a scientific management of wild populations, instead the use of typical agronomical practices.

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Biology and use of Agave lechuguilla
Published
2000-12-15
How to Cite
Reyes-Agüero, J. A., Aguirre-Rivera, J. R., & Peña-Valdivia, C. B. (2000). Biology and use of Agave lechuguilla. Botanical Sciences, (67), 75 - 88. https://doi.org/10.17129/botsci.1626
Section
ETHNOBOTANY / ETNOBOTÁNICA