Seed ontogeny of Yucca periculosa (Agavaceae)

  • Eduardo García-Villanueva Especialidad de Posgrado en Fruticultura y Botánica, Colegio de Postgraduados
  • E. Mark Engleman Especialidad de Posgrado en Fruticultura y Botánica, Colegio de Postgraduados
Keywords: Izote, Yucca, Agavaceae, ontogeny, seed, perisperm, endosperm

Abstract

Seeds of several Yucca species have been studied by Arnott and Horner. They mainly studied the nature condition and stated that the extra-embryonic food reserve tissue is a perisperm. This paper provides ontogenic evidence that this tissue is an endosperm with nuclear development type. The seed shape is nearly a triangular prism less than 1 cm long, black color and the raphe groove is conspicuous. The seed coat is derived exclusively from the outer integument. The exotesta external periclinal cell wall appears with irregular thickness. Both mesotesta and endotesta grow irregularly inward the seed confering to the endosperm a ruminate appearance. Toward seed maturity, the inner integument tissues disappear, thus fusion between intertegumentary and tegmen-nucellar cuticles occurs; valuable ontogenic information is showed by the cuticles, due to its persistence in spite of its generative tissue disappearance. The embryo development increases until 10 weeks after anthesis, it is cylindric, folds like "S" and two thirds of its chalazal lenght correspond to the cotyledon.

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Seed ontogeny of Yucca periculosa (Agavaceae)
Published
2017-05-20
How to Cite
García-Villanueva, E., & Engleman, E. M. (2017). Seed ontogeny of Yucca periculosa (Agavaceae). Botanical Sciences, (61), 5 - 13. https://doi.org/10.17129/botsci.1534
Section
STRUCTURAL BOTANY / BOTÁNICA ESTRUCTURAL