Phenological strategies of Annona from deciduous forest of Chiapas, Mexico

  • Alma Rosa González-Esquinca Universidad de Ciencias y Artes de Chiapas
  • Iván De-la-Cruz-Chacón Universidad de Ciencias y Artes de Chiapas
  • Marisol Castro-Moreno Universidad de Ciencias y Artes de Chiapas
  • Christian Anabi Riley-Saldaña Universidad de Ciencias y Artes de Chiapas
Keywords: Annonaceae, BBCH, foliation, flowering, fruiting

Abstract

Background. Phenological descriptions of plant species are used to understand cycles of foliation, flowering and fruiting. These studies provide useful means for understanding the relationships between plants and their environment.

Question. What are the the foliar and reproductive strategies of four species of Annona living in the Deciduous Forest of Chiapas, Mexico?

Species studied. Annona lutescens, A. macroprophyllata, A. reticulata and A. purpurea.

Study sites. Three areas of deciduous forest were studied (16°31'36'' N, 92°58'25'' W, 16°28'82'' N, 92°57'48'' W, and 16°21'47'' N, 92°58'32'' W), located between the towns of Parral and Chiapa de Corzo, Chiapas, Mexico.

Method. Stages of foliation, flowering, fruiting and senescence of 20 individuals per species were documented by written and photographic records during the course of a year. Variable time periods were adapted to the extended BBCH scale. The phenology was correlated with the stages of rain and drought by Spearman’s correlations

Results. Phenological characteristics distinguish A. reticulata and A. lutescens as species with a reproductive strategy (flowering and fruiting) synchronized with the dry months, in contrast to A. purpurea and A. macroprophyllata, which show a reproductive strategy associated with the rainy season. The foliation of the four species is phenologically related to the rainy season.

Conclusions. The species studied could be grouped according to their leaf pattern as brevideciduous or deciduous and according to their reproductive pattern as having long-term or short-term strategies.

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Author Biographies

Alma Rosa González-Esquinca, Universidad de Ciencias y Artes de Chiapas

Instituto de Ciencias Biológicas

Investigadora

Iván De-la-Cruz-Chacón, Universidad de Ciencias y Artes de Chiapas

Instituto de Ciencias Biológicas

Investigador

Marisol Castro-Moreno, Universidad de Ciencias y Artes de Chiapas

Instituto de Ciencias Biológicas

Investigadora

Christian Anabi Riley-Saldaña, Universidad de Ciencias y Artes de Chiapas

Instituto de Ciencias Biológicas

Investigadora

Phenological strategies of <em>Annona</em> from deciduous forest of Chiapas, Mexico
Published
2016-09-08
How to Cite
González-Esquinca, A. R., De-la-Cruz-Chacón, I., Castro-Moreno, M., & Riley-Saldaña, C. A. (2016). Phenological strategies of <em>Annona</em&gt; from deciduous forest of Chiapas, Mexico. Botanical Sciences, 94(3), 531-541. https://doi.org/10.17129/botsci.645
Section
ECOLOGY / ECOLOGÍA