"DINÁMICA DE PHRAGMITES AUSTRALIS Y SCHOENOPLECTUS AMERICANUS EN RESPUESTA A LA ADICIÓN DE FÓSFORO Y NITRÓGENO EN HUMEDALES EXPERIMENTALES"

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YAZMÍN ESCUTIA-LARA, ROBERTO LINDIG-CISNEROS

Abstract


Invasive species, such as Phragmites australis, are major competitors for native species, however, very little is known
about the mechanisms of invasion. In this study the interaction between P. australis with a native species, Schoenoplectus americanus, was evaluated through a split-plot experiment with addition of nutrients (nitrogen and phosphorus). For P. australis statistically signifi cant differences (P < 0.05) were found among treatments for height, number of stems, aboveground biomass and rhizomes, while for S. americanus, statistically signifi cant differences (P < 0.05) were found for maximum height, average height of stems and number of stems, percentage of coverage and aboveground biomass. The increase in nutrients did not allowed the displacement of S. americanus by P. australis. This result suggest that under natural conditions S. americanus could be able to compete for nutrients and not be displaced by P. australis, as longs as no disturbance occurs, because in this study the native species canopy was not altered before introducing P. australis. Our results suggest that intraspecifi c competition is stronger than interspecifi c in the absence of disturbance.

Keywords


competence composition disturbance; diversity; ecological; restoration; nutriments

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17129/botsci.474

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Botanical Sciences is an international peer-reviewed journal that publishes scientific papers in plant sciences. The arguments, figures / schemes / photographs, quality and the general contents of this publication are full responsibility of the authors, and not commit the Editor- in-Chief or the Sociedad Botánica de México.

Botanical Sciences year 8, Vol. 97, No. 1, January-March 2019. Quarterly publication edited and published by Sociedad Botánica de México A.C. (www.socbot.mx). Editor in Chief Salvador Arias, Jardín Botánico, Instituto de Biología, 3er Circuito s/n, Ciudad Universitaria, Delegación Coyoacán, C.P. 04510. Reserves of Rights to the Exclusive Use No. 04-2017-040716054100-203, digital-ISSN 2007-4476, both granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor. Responsible for updating the page Pedro López, email: plopez@escire.mx, eScire. Last update March 11, 2019.

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