EL GÉNERO FICUS L. (MORACEAE) EN MÉXICO

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Guillermo Ibarra-Manríquez, Guadalupe Cornejo-Tenorio, Nahú González-Castañeda, Eva María Piedra-Malagón, Albino Luna

Abstract


Ficus (Moraceae) is one of the most diverse plant genera, which maintains an obligate mutualism with their pollinator
wasps and interactions with a large number of frugivores. Based on fi eld work, revision of literature, and 6,150 herbarium specimens housed at CH, CHAP, CHAPA, CICY, CIMI, EBUM, ENCB, F, FCME, HUAP, HUMO, IBUG, IEB, INIF, MEXU, MO, NY, SLPM, QMEX, UAMIZ, UAS, UAT, UJAT, US, XAL, and ZEA, 22 species of Ficus (Moraceae) in Mexico are recognized. Five species belong to subgenus Pharmacosycea and 17 to subgenus Urostigma. An identifi cation key, descriptions, synonymy, taxonomic problems, and illustrations are provided. The states of Chiapas and Oaxaca were the states with more remarkable richness (19 species). At species level, F. cotinifolia and F. pertusa showed the widest distribution (24 states). Three species are endemic to Mexico (F. lapathifolia, F. petiolaris, and F. pringlei) and F. popenoei is recorded for fi rst time in this country.

Keywords


biogeography; endemism; Pharmacosycea; Urostigma

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17129/botsci.472

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Botanical Sciences is an international peer-reviewed journal that publishes scientific papers in plant sciences. The arguments, figures / schemes / photographs, quality and the general contents of this publication are full responsibility of the authors, and not commit the Editor- in-Chief or the Sociedad Botánica de México.

Botanical Sciences year 8, Vol. 97, No. 1, January-March 2019. Quarterly publication edited and published by Sociedad Botánica de México A.C. (www.socbot.mx). Editor in Chief Salvador Arias, Jardín Botánico, Instituto de Biología, 3er Circuito s/n, Ciudad Universitaria, Delegación Coyoacán, C.P. 04510. Reserves of Rights to the Exclusive Use No. 04-2017-040716054100-203, digital-ISSN 2007-4476, both granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor. Responsible for updating the page Pedro López, email: plopez@escire.mx, eScire. Last update March 11, 2019.

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

  

 

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