MIGRACIÓN RURAL Y HUERTOS FAMILIARES EN UNA COMUNIDAD INDÍGENA DEL CENTRO DE MÉXICO

MARGARITA CANO-RAMÍREZ, BEATRIZ DE LA TEJERA, ALEJANDRO CASAS

Abstract


Home gardens evolve due to continuous changes in their area, space, functions, and components, as well as to the dynamic circumstances of the families that manage them. People migrations induce social, economic, and cultural changes, and in this study we hypothesized that these changes influence the home gardens’ composition and structure, simplifying and re-orienting them towards an ornamental function. In order to analyze this hypothesis we studied composition and structure of home gardens managed by households of the Tlahuica village of San Juan Atzingo, in the Mexican state of México. A total of 287 perennial plant species were recorded in a 33 home garden sample. The main plant uses were ornamental (58%), medicinal (21%), and food supply (19%). Rarefaction curves and multivariate statistic analysis did not show significant dissimilarities between home gardens associated and not associated to migration. Causes of this pattern are multifactor, and some of the main factors identified are: family
livelihood diversification, temporal migration, institutional resilience, and the migrants’ strong sense of belonging to their community, which allows them to maintain communication and participation in their home town. Current trends of permanent migration to the United States of America, and increasing dependence on governmental assistance programs are risks of change in the actual relationship between the present migration patterns and the home garden structure according to the hypothesized trends.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17129/botsci.391

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Botanical Sciences is an international peer-reviewed journal that publishes scientific papers in plant sciences. The arguments, figures / schemes / photographs, quality and the general contents of this publication are full responsibility of the authors, and not commit the Editor- in-Chief or the Sociedad Botánica de México.

Botanical Sciences year 8, Vol. 97, No. 1, January-March 2019. Quarterly publication edited and published by Sociedad Botánica de México A.C. (www.socbot.mx). Editor in Chief Salvador Arias, Jardín Botánico, Instituto de Biología, 3er Circuito s/n, Ciudad Universitaria, Delegación Coyoacán, C.P. 04510. Reserves of Rights to the Exclusive Use No. 04-2017-040716054100-203, digital-ISSN 2007-4476, both granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor. Responsible for updating the page Pedro López, email: plopez@escire.mx, eScire. Last update March 11, 2019.

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

 

 

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