Arbuscular mycorrhizal association in Conocarpus erectus (Combretaceae) in mangroves from Yucatán, México

Keywords: Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, coastal wetland, mangrove, salinity, soil moisture content

Abstract

Background: Soil flooding and salinity can be limiting for arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), yet they are found in mangrove ecosystems. Arbuscular mycorrhizal association could influence the functioning of mangrove ecosystems, but little is known about its roll and balance in these dynamic systems.

Question: What is the status of the arbuscular mycorrhizal association in C. erectus under natural conditions?

Species study: Conocarpus erectus is a tree or shrub species that establishes in mangrove ecosystems and is tolerant to elevated levels of salinity and flooding.

Study site and dates: Three zones representing a range of conditions of salinity were selected in the Ría Lagartos Biosphere Reserve in Mexico, as well as two contrasting collecting seasons in 2009 and 2010: northwind season and drought season. 

Methods: Roots were sampled from C. erectus plants in each zone to evaluate the percentage of arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization and rhizospheric soil samples were taken to evaluate AMF spore density and species richness. 

Results: The highest percentage of root colonization was recorded in the site of highest salinity during the northwind season, with this value decreasing in the drought season. The same seasonal pattern was observed in spore density. The highest richness was recorded in the site of lowest salinity in both seasons. A total of 16 AMF species were identified. 

Conclusions: The results suggest that seasonality, in its relation with soil salinity and soil water availability, can influence the development and symbiotic association of the AMF in mangrove associated communities dominated by C. erectus.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Thai Khan Ramírez-Viga, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

PhD student in Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México as part of the program Posgrado en Ciencias Biológicas. Member of Sociedad Mexicana de la Simbiosis Micorrízica. Research interest: Ecology of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in mangrove ecosystems.

José Alberto Ramos-Zapata, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán

Ecología Tropical

Cristobal Cáceres G. Cantón, Universidad Autónoma de Tlaxcala, México

Comisión Nacional de Áreas Naturales Protegidas (CONANP)

Bio Statement: Head of the Reserva de la Biosfera Ria Lagartos, CONANP

Laura Hernández-Cuevas, Universidad Autónoma de Tlaxcala, México

Full time lecturer, Laboratorio de Biología Molecular, Centro de Investigación en Genética y Ambiente

Patricia Guadarrama-Chávez, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Bio Statement: Technician at Laboratorio de Ecología y Manejo de Costas y Mares, Facultad de Ciencias, UNAM.

Arbuscular mycorrhizal association in Conocarpus erectus (Combretaceae) in mangroves from Yucatán, México

References

Abdel-Hameed E.S., Bazaid, S.A., Shohayeb, M.M., El-Sayed, M.M., El-Wakil, E.A. 2012. Phytochemical Studies and Evaluation of Antioxidant, Anticancer and Antimicrobial Properties of Conocarpus erectus L. Growing in Taif, Saudi Arabia. European Journal of Medicinal Plants 2(2) : 93-112.

Adeel Z., Pomeroy R. 2002. Assessment and management of mangrove ecosystems in developing countries. Trees 16(2-3) : 235-238.

Agraz-Hernández C.M., Noriega-Trejo R., López-Portillo J., Flores-Verdugo F., Jiménez-Zacarías J. 2006. Guía de Campo. Identificación de los Manglares en México. Universidad Autónoma de Campeche. México.

Al-Humaid A.I. 2005. Effects of Hydrophilic Polymer on the Survival of Bottonwood (Conocarpus erectus) Seedlings Grown under Drought Stress. European Journal of Horticultural Science 70 (6) : 283-288.

Andrade M. 1997. Análisis de amenazas de la Reserva Especial de la Biosfera Ría Lagartos en la Península de Yucatán, México. Pronatura Península de Yucatán, A.C.

Blaszkowski J. 2003. http://www.zor.zut.edu.pl/Glomeromycota/ (accessed June 2011).

Borde M., Dudhane M., Jite P. 2011 Growth photosynthetic activity and antioxidant responses of mycorrhizal and non-mycorrhizal bajra (Pennisetum glaucum) crop under salinity stress condition. Crop Protection 30(3) : 265-271.

Carvalho L., Correia P., Caçador I., Martins-Loução M.A. 2003. Effects of salinity and flooding on the infectivity of salt marsh arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in Aster tripolium L. Biology and Fertility of Soils 38(3) : 137-143.

Carter M., Burns L., Cavinder T., Dugger K., Fore P., Hick D., Revells H. y Schmidt T. 1973. Ecosystems Analysis of the Big Cypress swamp and Estuaries. United States Environmental Protection Agency Region IV. Atlanta, Georgia, Estados Unidos de America.

Chagnon P.L., Bradley R.L., Maherali H., Klironomos J.N. 2013. A trait-based framework to understand life history of mycorrhizal fungi. Trends in plant science 18(9) : 484-491.

D’Souza J., Rodrigues B.F. 2013a. Biodiversity of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal (AM) fungi in mangroves of Goa in West India. Journal of Forestry Research 24(3) : 515-523.

D’Souza J., Rodrigues B.F. 2013b. Seasonal Diversity of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in Mangroves of Goa, India. International Journal of Biodiversity ID 196527 : 7 pages.

D'souza J., Rodrigues B.F. 2017. Enhancement of growth in mangrove plant (Ceriops tagal) by Rhizophagus clarus. Journal of Plant Nutrition 40(3) : 365-371.

Egan C., Li D.W., Klironomos J. 2014. Detection of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal spores in the air across different biomes and ecoregions. Fungal Ecology 12 : 26-31.

Ellison A.M., Farnsworth E.J. 1996. Spatial and Temporal Variability in Growth of Rhizophora mangle Saplings on Coral Cays: Links with Variation in Insolation, Herbivory, and Local Sedimentation Rate. Journal of Ecology 84 : 717-731.

Espinosa-Victoria D. 2000. Diálogo molecular: Hongo micorrízico Arbuscular-raíz. In: Alarcón, A., Ferrera-Cerrato, R. Eds., Ecología, fisiología y biotecnología de la Micorriza Arbuscular, pp 93-116, Colegio de Postgraduados. Montecillo, Mundi Prensa. México.

Evelin H., Kapoor R., Giri B. 2009. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in alleviation of salt stress: A review. Annals of Botany 104(7) : 1263-1280.

FAO, 1994. Mangrove forest management guidelines. Paper 117. FAO, Rome. For.

Gupta N., Bihari K.M., Sengupta I. 2016. Diversity of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in Different Salinity of Mangrove Ecosystem of Odisha, India. Advances in Plants and Agriculture Research 3(1) : 00085.

Hernández-Cuevas L., García R. 2008. Propagación por esporas: el caso de las micorrizas arbusculares. In: Álvarez-Sánchez, J., Monroy, A. Eds. Técnicas de estudio de las asociaciones micorrízicas y sus implicaciones en la restauración, pp. 29-42. Las prensas de ciencias. México.

Hernández-Cuevas L., Guadarrama-Chávez P., Sánchez-Gallen I., Ramos-Zapata J., 2008. Micorriza arbuscular, colonización intrarradical y extracción de esporas del suelo. In: Álvarez-

Sánchez, J., Monroy, A. Eds. Técnicas de estudio de las asociaciones micorrízicas y sus implicaciones en la restauración, pp. 1-16. Las prensas de ciencias. México.

Hu W., Wu Y., Xin G., Wang Y., Guo J., Peng X. 2015. Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi and their Influencing Factors for Aegiceras Corniculatum and Acanthus Ilicifolius in Southern China. Pakistan Journal of Botany 47(4) : 1581-1586.

Hussein R.A. 2016. Evaluation Antioxidant and Antibacterial Activities of n-Butanol Fraction of Conocarpus erectus L. Leaves Extract. International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Research 4(6) : 394-400.

Jiménez J., Orellana R. 1999. Capítulo III. La conservación y el aprovechamiento del patrimonio natural. In: Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán. Atlas de procesos territoriales de Yucatán, pp 153-268. Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, PROEESA.

Juniper S., Abbott L. 1993 Review Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizas and soil salinity. Mycorrhiza 4(2) : 45-57.

Juniper S., Abbott L. 2006. Soil salinity delays germination and limits growth of hyphae from propagules of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Mycorrhiza 16(5) : 371-379.

Klironomos J.N., Hart M.M., Gurney J.E., Moutoglis P. 2001. Interspecific differences in the tolerance of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi to freezing and drying. Canadian Journal Botany 79(10) : 1161-1166.

Kothamasi D., Kothamasi S., Bhattacharyya A., Kuhad R., Babu C. 2006. Arbuscular mycorrhizae and phosphate solubilising bacteria of the rhizosphere of the mangrove ecosistema of Great Nicobar island, India. Biology and Fertility of Soils 42 : 358-361.

Kozlowski T. 1997. Responses of woody plants to flooding and salinity. Tree Physiology Monograph No. 1. Heron Publishing Victoria, Canada.

<http://www.pucrs.br/fabio/fisiovegetal/Encharcamento.pdf> (accessed July 7, 2011).

Krauss K.W., Lovelock C.E., McKee K.L., López-Hoffman L., Ewed S.M.L., Sousa W.P. 2008. Environmental drivers in mangrove establishment and early development: A review. Aquatic Botany 89 : 105-127.

Kumar T., Ghose M. 2008. Status of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) in the Sundarbans of India in relation to tidal inundation and chemical properties of soil. Wetlands Ecology and Management 16(6) : 471-483.

Kumar A., Dames J.F., Gupta A., Sharma S., Gilbert J.A., Ahmad P. 2015. Current developments in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi research and its role in salinity stress alleviation: a biotechnological perspective. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology 35(4) : 461-474.

Le Tacon F., Skinner F.A., Mosse B. 1983. Spore germination and hyphal growth of a vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus, Glomus mosseae (Gerdemann and Trappe), under decreased oxygen and increased carbon dioxide concentrations. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 29(19) : 1280-1285.

Lingan V., Tholkappian P., Sundaram M. 1999. VA-mycorrhizal fungi occurring in the mangrove vegetation of Pichavaram forest. Mycorrhiza News 11(2) : 6-7.

López-Portillo J., Ezcurra E. 2002. Los manglares de México: una revisión. Madera y Bosques Número especial : 27-51.

Moreno-Casasola P.E., Peresbarbosa R., Travieso-Bello A.C. Eds. 2006. Estrategias para el manejo costero integral: el enfoque municipal. Instituto de Ecología, A.C., CONANP y Gobierno del Estado de Veracruz-Llave. México.

Morton J. 2010. International Culture Collection of Arbuscular and Vesicular-Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (INVAM) <http://www.invam.caf.wvu.edu> (accessed September 2010).

Munns R., Tester M. 2008. Mechanisms of Salinity Tolerance. Annual Review of Plant Biology 59 : 651-681.

Odum W.E., McIvor C.C., Smith T.J. III. 1985. The Ecology of the mangroves of south Florida: a community profile. U.S. Fish and WiId1ife Service, Office of BiologicaI Services, Washington, D.C.

Ramírez-Viga T.K., Aguilar R., Castillo-Argüero S, Chiappa-Carrara X., Guadarrama P., Ramos-Zapata J. 2018. Wetland plant species improve performance when inoculated with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi: a meta-analysis of experimental pot studies. Mycorrhiza 28(5-6) : 477-493.

Ramos-Zapata J., Zapata-Trujillo R., Ortíz-Días J., Guadarama-Chávez P. 2011. Arbuscular mycorrhizas in a tropical coastal dune system in Yucatan, Mexico. Fungal ecology 4(4) : 256-261.

Raza S.A, Chaudhary A.R., Mumtaz M.W., Ghaffar A., Adnan A., Waheed A. 2018. Antihyperglycemic effect of Conocarpus erectus leaf extract in alloxan-induced diabetic mice. Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 31(2) : 637-642.

Rzedowski J. 2006. Vegetación de México. Primera edición digital. Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad. México.

Schenck N., Pérez Y. 1988. Manual for the identification of VA mycorrhizal fungi. University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

Schüßler A. 2011. Glomeromycota PHYLOGENY Phylogeny and taxonomy of Glomeromycota ('arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) and related fungi'). <http://www.lrz.de/~schuessler/amphylo/> (accessed June 1, 2011).

Sengupta A., Chaudhuri S. 2002. Arbuscular mycorrhizal relations of mangrove plant community at the Ganges river estuary in India. Mycorrhiza 12(4) : 169-174.

Sokri S., Maadi B. 2009. Efects of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungus on the Mineral Nutrition and Yield of Trifolium alexandrium Pants under Salinity Stress. Journal of Agronomy 8(2) : 79-83.

Solaiman M.Z., Hirata H. 1996. Effectiveness of arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization at nursery-stage on growth and nutrition in wetland rice (Oryza sativa L.) after transplanting under different soil fertility and water regimes. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 42(3) : 561-571.

Spalding M., Kainuma M., Collins L. 2010. World Atlas of Mangroves. Earthscan.

Spatafora J.W., Chang Y., Benny G.L., Lazarus K., Smith M.E., Berbee M.L., Bonito G., Corradi N., Grigoriev I., Gryganskyi A., James T.Y., O'Donnell K., Roberson R.W., Taylor T.N., Uehling J., Vilgalys R., White M.M., Stajich J.E. 2016. A phylum-level phylogenetic classification of zygomycete fungi based on genome-scale data. Mycologia 108(5) : 1028-1046.

Thom B. 1967. Mangrove Ecology and Deltaic Geomorphology: Tabasco, Mexico. Journal of Ecology 55(2) : 301-343.

Tomlinson P.B. 1986. The botany of mangroves. Cambridge University Press. London.

Tovilla H.C., De la Lanza E.G. 1999. Ecología, producción y aprovechamiento del Mangle Conocarpus erectus L., en Barra de Tecoanapa Guerrero, México. Biotropica 31(1) : 121-134.

Vidal R. 2005. Las regiones climáticas de México 1.2.2 Temas selectos de geografía de México. Volume 2 of Temas selectos de geografía de México: Textos monográficos. UNAM. México.

Wang Y., Quiu Q., Yang Z., Hu Z., Fung-Yee N., Xin G. 2010. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in two mangroves in South China. Plant Soil 331(1-2) : 181-191.

Wang Y., Huang Y., Qiu Q., Xin G., Yang Z., Shi S. 2011. Flooding Greatly Affects the Diversity of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Communities in the Roots of Wetland Plants. PLoS ONE 6(9) : e24512.

Wang Y., Qiu Q., Li S., Xin G., Fung-yee Tam N. 2014. Inhibitory effect of municipal sewage on symbiosis between mangrove plants and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Aquatic Biology. 20 : 119-127.

Warner N.J., Allen M.F., Macmaho J.A. 1987. Dispersal agents of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in a disturbed arid ecosystem. Mycologia 79(5) : 721-730.

Xie X., Weng B., Cai B., Dong Y., Yan C. 2014. Effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculation and phosphorus supplyon the growth and nutrient uptake of Kandelia obovata (Sheue, Liu &Yong) seedlings in autoclaved soil. Applied Soil Ecology 75 : 162-171.

Xu Z., Ban Y., Jiang Y., Zhang X., Liu X. 2016. Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in Wetland Habitats and Their Application in Constructed Wetland: A Review. Pedosphere 26(5) : 592-617.

Zhang K., Thapa B., Ross M., Gann D. 2016. Remote sensing of seasonal changes and disturbances in mangrove forest: a case study from South Florida. Ecosphere 7(6) : e01366.

Published
2020-03-10
How to Cite
Ramírez-Viga, T. K., Ramos-Zapata, J. A., Cáceres G. Cantón, C., Hernández-Cuevas, L., & Guadarrama-Chávez, P. (2020). Arbuscular mycorrhizal association in Conocarpus erectus (Combretaceae) in mangroves from Yucatán, México. Botanical Sciences, 98(1), 66-75. https://doi.org/10.17129/botsci.2363
Section
ECOLOGY / ECOLOGÍA