Seed bank formation and removal of Pinus hartwegii (Pinaceae) seeds along an altitudinal gradient in the Cofre de Perote National Park, Veracruz, Mexico

Keywords: Temperate forest, conifers, granivory, seasonality, pines.

Abstract

Background: Seed banks, an important element in the natural regeneration of plant communities, are regulated mostly by granivores along an altitudinal gradient.

Question/Hypothesis: Pinus hartwegii forms transient and probably persistent seed banks along an altitudinal gradient. Seed removal will vary according to the removing agents, the altitude and the season.

Species under study/Data description/Mathematical model: The formation of seed banks and the removal of Pinus hartwegii (Pinaceae) seeds along an altitudinal gradient were evaluated in different seasons using a linear model with two factorial variance analyses. 

Site and years of study: The study was conducted at the Cofre de Perote National Park, Veracruz, Mexico, over an altitudinal gradient (at 3,400, 3,600, 3,800 and 4,000 m a.s.l.) in July-September 2015 (rainy season), and January-March 2016 (dry season). 

Methods: In order to understand seed bank formation and identify the removal agents along an altitudinal gradient, two experiments were conducted with seeds from 10 trees at each altitudinal tier.

Results: The results of the first experiment, after one year, demonstrated the formation of transient and probably persistent seed banks along an altitudinal gradient (P < 0.0001). The results of the second experiment showed significant variations in seed removal according to the removal agents and the seasons (P < 0.0001).

Conclusions: Pinus hartwegii forms transient and probably persistent seed banks along an altitudinal gradient. Seed removal varies according to altitude and season.

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Author Biographies

Victor Manuel Tejeda Landero, Instituto de Investigaciones Forestales (INIFOR)-Universidad Veracruzana

Laboratorio de Ecología

Investigador Académico de Carrera TC Titular C

Lázaro Rafael Sánchez-Velásquez, INBIOTECA-Universidad Veracruzana
Investigador Académico de Carrera TC Titular C
Héctor Viveros-Viveros, Instituto de Investigaciones Forestales (INIFOR)-Universidad Veracruzana
Investigador Académico de Carrera TC Titular C
Armando Aparicio-Rentería, Instituto de Investigaciones Forestales (INIFOR)-Universidad Veracruzana
Investigador Académico de Carrera TC Titular C
Rafael Flores-Peredo, Instituto de Investigaciones Forestales (INIFOR)-Universidad Veracruzana

Laboratorio de Ecología

Investigador Académico de Carrera TC Titular C

Seed bank formation and removal of <em>Pinus hartwegii</em> (Pinaceae) seeds along an altitudinal gradient in the Cofre de Perote National Park, Veracruz, Mexico

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Published
2019-12-19
How to Cite
Tejeda Landero, V. M., Sánchez-Velásquez, L. R., Viveros-Viveros, H., Aparicio-Rentería, A., & Flores-Peredo, R. (2019). Seed bank formation and removal of <em>Pinus hartwegii</em&gt; (Pinaceae) seeds along an altitudinal gradient in the Cofre de Perote National Park, Veracruz, Mexico. Botanical Sciences, 97(4), 623-629. https://doi.org/10.17129/botsci.2204