Enraizamiento ex vitro y establecimiento de un sistema eficiente de inducción de brotes adventicios en Vaccinium corymbosum (Ericaceae)

Establishment of efficient adventitious shoots induction system and ex vitro rooting in Vaccinium corymbosum (Ericaceae)

Ye Wang, Xian Dong, Heng-Yu Huang, Yuan-Zhong Wang

Abstract


Background: The extension of the blueberry industry in China is restricted by the low performance of proliferation coefficient, transplanting survival rate and the long cycle production.

Hypothesis: We hypothesized the suitable medium with optimal concentration and type combination would improve the survival rate of Vaccinium corymbosum.

Species studied: Vaccinium corymbosum L. cultivar ‘O’Neal.

Study site and years of study: Our study was conducted in Yunnan Breeding and Cultivation Research and Development Center of Endangered and Daodi Chinese medicinal materials, Yunnan University of Chinese Medicine since November 2015.

Methods: Efficient protocol of plant regeneration about Southern highbush blueberry (cultivar ‘O’Neal) was established using annual shoots via single factor and orthogonal experiments.

Results: Olive medium with 2.0 mg·L-1 zeatin was found to be most suitable for initiation culture. The highest callus induction and bud formation rate were determined with 93.67 % and 95.57 %, respectively. Furthermore, as the germination of axillary buds, numerous shoots were formed with the proliferation coefficient (> 60). Well-developed shoots were obtained using rejuvenation culture on half-strength Olive medium supplemented with combination of 2.0 mg·L-1 indole-3-butyric acid, 1.0 mg·L-1 naphthaleneacetic acid, 0.01 mg·L-1 chlormequat chloride and 0.5 g·L-1 activated charcoal. The rooting rate could reach to 100 % using 2 cm length of well-developed shoots transferred into the 5:1 sterilized peat:perlite, which was enhanced from 27.61 up to 95 % after transplanting to the field.

Conclusions: An efficient system for plant regeneration from bud induction to transplanting to the field was established to maintain the characteristics of southern highbush blueberry varieties.


Keywords


adventitious shoot; blueberry; callus; orthogonal experiments; regeneration; rooting

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17129/botsci.2135

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Botanical Sciences is an international peer-reviewed journal that publishes scientific papers in plant sciences. The arguments, figures / schemes / photographs, quality and the general contents of this publication are full responsibility of the authors, and not commit the Editor- in-Chief or the Sociedad Botánica de México.

Botanical Sciences year 8, Vol. 97, No. 3, July-September 2019. Quarterly publication edited and published by Sociedad Botánica de México A.C. (www.socbot.mx). Editor in Chief Salvador Arias, Jardín Botánico, Instituto de Biología, 3er Circuito s/n, Ciudad Universitaria, Delegación Coyoacán, C.P. 04510. Reserves of Rights to the Exclusive Use No. 04-2017-040716054100-203, digital-ISSN 2007-4476, both granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor. Responsible for updating the page Pedro López, email: plopez@escire.mx, eScire. Last update July 18, 2019.

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