Efecto del sitio de procedencia sobre los atributos de las semillas de Cakile edentula (Brassicaceae), especie estabilizadora de duna costera

Ricardo Álvarez-Espino, Gabriela Mendoza-González, Candelaria Pérez-Martin, Xavier Chiappa-Carrara


Background: The morphological traits and germinative behavior of seeds vary within a species in response to multiple factors. Knowledge of this variability is important in understanding adaptation of species to environmental conditions.

Question: Does the provenance of seeds of Cakile edentula affect seed traits? Does the climate of the sites of origin of the seeds influence their variability? Does the presence of light affect seed germination?

Study species: Cakile edentula (Bigelow) Hook.

Study site: Coastal dune vegetation on the northern coast of the Yucatan Peninsula in August and October 2017.

Methods: Seeds of Cakile edentula were collected in different locations on the northern coast of the Yucatan Peninsula. Under laboratory conditions it was assessed whether the origin of the seeds influenced some traits such as seed mass, moisture content, viability and germinative behavior.

Results: Seed provenance significantly affected seed mass and moisture content in C. edentula. Moreover, the seeds of C. edentula collected from hot and humid sites germinate quickly and in greater proportion than the seeds from warm and dry sites of the Yucatan Peninsula. The seeds of C. edentula germinate preferably in darkness, regardless site of provenance.

Conclusions: Some seed traits of C. edentula are affected by the site of provenance. Evidence suggests that climatic variation is likely to influence the initial characteristics of the life history in this coastal dune species.


Cakile edentula; coastal dune; germination; negative photoblastism

Full Text:

PDF (Español)


Barga S, Dilts TE, Leger EA. 2017. Climate variability affects the germination strategies exhibited by arid land plants. Oecologia 185: 437-452. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-017-3958-5

Baskin CC, Baskin JM. 1998. Seeds. Ecology, biogeography and evolution of dormancy and germination. San Diego: Academic Press. ISBN: 978-0-12-080260-9

Carta A, Probert R, Puglia G, Peruzzi L, Bedini G. 2016. Local climate explains degree of seed dormancy in Hypericum elodes L. (Hypericaceae). Plant Biology 18: 76-82. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1111/plb.12310

Cochrane A, Daws MI, Hay FR. 2011. Seed-based approach for identifying flora at risk from climate warming. Austral Ecology 36: 923-935. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-9993.2010.02211.x

Cochrane A, Yates CJ, Hoyle GL, Nicotra AB. 2015. Will among-population variation in seed traits improve the chance of species persistence under climate change? Global Ecology and Biogeography 24: 12-24. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12234.

Donohue K. 1998. Maternal determinants of seed dispersal in Cakile edentula: fruit, plant, and site traits. Ecology 79: 2771-2788. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1890/0012-9658(1998)079[2771:MDOSDI]2.0.CO;2.

Fenner M, Thompson K. 2005. The ecology of seeds, 2 ed. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge. ISBN: 978-0521653688

Fernández-Pascual E, Jiménez-Alfaro B, Hájek M, Díaz TE, Pritchard HW. 2015. Soil thermal buffer and regeneration niche may favour calcareous fen resilience to climate change. Folia Geobotanica 4: 293-301. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1007/s12224-015-9223-y.

García E. 2004. Modificaciones al sistema de clasificación climática de Köppen. México DF: Serie libros. Instituto de Geografía-UNAM. ISBN: 970-32-1010-4

Guo H, Mazer SJ, Du G. 2010. Geographic variation in seed mass within and among nine species of Pedicularis (Orobanchaceae): effects of elevation, plant size and seed number per fruit. Journal of Ecology 98: 1232-1242. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2745.2010.01688.x.

Hong TD, Ellis RH. 1996. A protocol to determine seed storage behaviour (No. 1). Bioversity International. ISBN 92-9043-279-9

ISTA [International Seed Testing Association]. 2015. International rules for seed testing, 2015: 1-276. DOI: http://doi.org/10.15258/istarules.2015.f

Jiménez-Alfaro B, Silveira FAO, Fidelis A, Poschlod P. 2016. Seed germination traits can contribute better to plant community ecology. Journal of Vegetation Science 27: 637-645. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1111/jvs.12375

Jiménez-Orocio O, Espejel I, Martínez ML. 2015. La investigación científica sobre dunas costeras de México: origen, evolución y retos. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 86:486-507. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.rmb.2015.04.022

Maun MA, Payne AM. 1989. Fruit and seed polymorphism and its relation to seedling growth in the genus Cakile. Canadian Journal of Botany 67: 2743-2750. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1139/b89-353.

Maun M, Boyd RS, Olson L. 1990. The Biological Flora of Coastal Dunes and Wetlands. 1. "Cakile Edentula" (Bigel.) Hook. Journal of Coastal Research 6: 137-156.

Rosbakh S, Poschlod P. 2015. Initial temperature of seed germination as related to species occurrence along temperature gradient. Functional Ecology 29: 5-14. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.12304.

Thompson K, Ceriani RM. 2003. No relationship between range size and germination niche width in the UK herbaceous flora. Functional Ecology 17: 335-339. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2435.2003.00734.x.

Tobe K, Zhang L, Omasa K. 2006. Seed germination and seedling emergence of three Artemisia species (Asteraceae) inhabiting desert sand dunes in China. Seed Science Research 16: 61-69. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1079/SSR2005230

Torres W, Méndez M, Dorantes A, Durán R. 2010. Estructura, composición y diversidad del matorral de duna costera en el litoral yucateco. Boletín de la Sociedad Botánica de México 86: 37-51.

Torres-Martínez. L, Weldy P, Morris L, Emery NC. 2017. Spatiotemporal heterogeneity in precipitation patterns explain population-level germination strategies in an edaphic specialist. Annals of Botany 119: 253-265. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcw161.

Venable DL, Brown JS. 1988. The selective interactions of dispersal, dormancy, and seed size as adaptations for reducing risk in variable environments. The American Naturalist 131: 360-384. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1086/284795.

Viveros-Viveros H, Quino-Pascual K, Velasco-García MV, Sánchez-Viveros G, Velasco-Bautista E. 2017. Variación geográfica de la germinación en Enterolobium cyclocarpum en la costa de Oaxaca, México. Bosque 38: 317-326. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4067/S0717-92002017000200009

Walck JL, Hidayati SN, Dixon KW, Thompson K, Poschlod P. 2011. Climate change and plant regeneration from seed. Global Change Biology 17: 2145-2161. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02368.x.

Westoby M, Falster DS, Moles AT, Vesk PA, Wright IA. 2002. Plant ecological strategies: some leading dimensions of variation between species. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 33: 125-159. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.33.010802.150452.

Wu H, Meng H, Wang S, Wei X, Jiang M. 2018. Geographic patterns and environmental drivers of seed traits of a relict tree species. Forest Ecology and Management 422: 59-68. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2018.04.003.

Zani D, Müller JV. 2017. Climatic control of seed longevity of Silene during the post-zigotic phase: do seeds from warm, dry climates possess higher maturity and desiccation tolerance than seeds from cold, wet climates? Ecological Research 32: 983-994. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1007/s11284-017-1508-6.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17129/botsci.2050

Article Metrics

Abstract Views.
Total number of Abstract Views for this article.
a description of the source 378
This journal

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • There are currently no refbacks.


Botanical Sciences is an international peer-reviewed journal that publishes scientific papers in plant sciences. The arguments, figures / schemes / photographs, quality and the general contents of this publication are full responsibility of the authors, and not commit the Editor- in-Chief or the Sociedad Botánica de México.

Botanical Sciences year 8, Vol. 97, No. 2, April-June 2019. Quarterly publication edited and published by Sociedad Botánica de México A.C. (www.socbot.mx). Editor in Chief Salvador Arias, Jardín Botánico, Instituto de Biología, 3er Circuito s/n, Ciudad Universitaria, Delegación Coyoacán, C.P. 04510. Reserves of Rights to the Exclusive Use No. 04-2017-040716054100-203, digital-ISSN 2007-4476, both granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor. Responsible for updating the page Pedro López, email: plopez@escire.mx, eScire. Last update July 18, 2019.

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.



website counter