Almacén de carbono en biomasa aérea de plantaciones experimentales con especies de sucesión temprana del bosque mesófilo de montaña

Maria de la Luz Avendaño-Yañez, Lázaro Rafael Sánchez-Velásquez, Daniela Martínez-Ramírez, Yareni Perroni, Sara Patricia Ibarra-Zavaleta, Enrique Alarcón, María del Rosario Pineda-López

Abstract


Background: Forest plantations with fast-growing native species contribute to the capture and storage of Carbon (C). However, little is known about the survival, the potential of capture and storage of C in plantations with native species of the mountain cloud forest in Mexico.

Questions: Is the survival different between individuals of Alnus acuminata and Trema micrantha sown in experimental plantations? Are the annual carbon capture rate and the total C content between the two species different?

Species of study: A. acuminata and T. micrantha, species of rapid growth of the mountain cloud forest (MCF). Both of early successional states.

Study site and years of study: Central area of the state of Veracruz. 2009-2012.

Method: In the experimental plantations of A. acuminata and T. micrantha of three and a half years of age, survival, diameter and height were recorded. With these variables, the volume, the basal area, the weight of the aerial biomass, the carbon content of the trees and height, diameter and carbon growth rate were estimated.

Results: The survival of A. acuminata plants was greater than T. micrantha (P < 0.05). The plantations of A. acuminata stored significantly more C (12.55 ± 0.05 Mg C ha-1) than the plantations of T. micrantha (11.62 ± 0.042 Mg C ha-1) (P < 0.001). The annual rate of carbon capture in A. acuminata was higher (2.6 ± 0.0001 Mg ha-1 yr-1) that T. micrantha (2.02 ± 0.00001 Mg ha-1 yr-1) (P < 0.001).

Conclusions: Plantations with native species of early succession represent a viable complementary strategy in MCF restoration actions, as well as being carbon sinks that could be contributing to the mitigation of climate change.

Keywords


Alnus acuminata, Bosque de Niebla, almacen de Carbono, Restauración, Trema micrantha

Full Text:

PDF (Español)

References


Acosta MM. 2003. Diseño y aplicación de un método para medir los almacenes de carbono en sistemas con vegetación forestal y agrícolas de ladera en México. PhD Thesis. Colegio de Postgraduados.

Avendaño-Yáñez ML, Sánchez-Velásquez LR, Meave JA, Pineda-López MR. 2014. Is facilitation a promising alternative for cloud forest restoration? Forest Ecology and Management 329: 328-333. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2014.01.051

Bárcenas-Pazos G, Davalos-Sotelo R. 2001. Shrinkage values for 106 Mexican Woods. Journal of Tropical Forest Products 7(2): 125-134.

Bárcenas-Pazos G, Ordoñez-Candelaria VR. 2008. Calidad de la madera de los árboles de sombra. In: Manson RH, Hernández-Ortiz V, Gallina S, Mehltreter K, eds. Agroecosistemas cafetaleros de Veracruz: Biodiversidad, manejo y conservación. Instituto de Ecología A.C. e Instituto Nacional de Ecología, 235–246. ISBN: 970-709-112-6.

Becerra A, Zak MR, Horton TR, Micolini J. 2005. Ectomycorrhizal and arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization of Alnus acuminata from Calilegua National Park (Argentina). Mycorrhiza 15: 525-531. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1007/s00572-005-0360-7

Beer C, Reichstein M, Tomelleri E, Ciais P, Jung M, Carvalhais N, Rödenbeck C, Arain A, Baldocchi D, Bonan GB, Bondeau A, Cescatti A, Lasslop G, Linroth A, Lomas M, Luyssaert S, Margolis H, Oleson KW, Roupsard O, Veenendaal E, Viovy N, Williams C, Woodward FI, Papale D. 2010. Terrestrial gross carbon dioxide uptake: global distribution and covariation with climate. Science 329: 834-838. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1126/science.1184984.

Bonan GB. 2008. Forests and climate change: forcing, feedbacks, and the climate benefits of forests. Science 320: 1444-1449. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1126/science.1155121.

Birkinshaw C, Andrianjafy M, Rasolofonirina JJ. 2009. Survival and growth of seedlings of 19 native tree and shrub species planted in degraded forest as part of a forest restoration project in Madagascar’s highlands. Madagascar Conservation and Development 4: 128-131.

Bruijnzeel LA, Kappelle M, Mulligan M, Scatena FN. 2010. Tropical montane cloud forests: state of knowledge and sustainability perspectives in a changing world. In: Bruijnzeel LA, Scatena FN, Hamilton L, eds. Tropical Montane Cloud Forests: Science for Conservation and Management. Cambridge University Press, 691–740. ISBN: 978-0-521-76035-5.

Bubb P, May I, Miles L, Sayer J. 2004. Cloud Forest Agenda. United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre, Cambridge. ISBN: 92-807-2399-5

Cayuela L, Golicher DJ, Benayas JMR, González-Espinosa M, Ramírez-Marcial N. 2006. Fragmentation, disturbance and tree diversity conservation in tropical montane forests. Journal of Applied Ecology 43: 1172-1181. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2006.01217.x.

Ciccarese L, Mattsson A, Pettenella D. 2012. Ecosystem services from forest restoration: thinking ahead. New Forests 43: 543-560. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1007/s11056-012-9350-8.

Condit R, Hubbell SP, Foster RB. 1993. Identifying fast-growing native trees from the Neotropics using data from a large, permanent census plot. Forest Ecology and Management 62: 123-143. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/0378-1127(93)90046-P.

Dávalos-Sotelo R, Morato MI, Martínez Pinillos-Cueto E. 2008. Almacenamiento de carbono. In: Manson RH, Hernández-Ortiz V, Gallina S, Mehltreter K, eds. Agroecosistemas cafetaleros de Veracruz: Biodiversidad, manejo y conservación. Instituto de Ecología A.C. e Instituto Nacional de Ecología, 223-234. ISBN: 970-709-112-6.

De Deyn G, Cornelissen J, Bardgett R. 2008. Plant functional traits and soil carbon sequestration in contrasting biomes. Ecology Letters 11: 516-531. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2008.01164.x.

Du H, Zeng F, Peng W, Wang K, Zhang H, Liu L, Song T. 2015. Carbon Storage in a Eucalyptus Plantation chronosequence in Southern China. Forests 6: 1763-78. DOI: http://doi.org/10.3390/f6061763.

Esperón-Rodríguez M, Barradas VL. 2015. Ecophysiological vulnerability to climate change: water stress responses in four tree species from the central mountain region of Veracruz, Mexico. Regional Environmental Change 15: 93-108. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-014-0624-x.

Esperón-Rodriguez M, Barradas VL. 2016. Stomatal responses of tree species from the cloud forest in central Veracruz, Mexico. Botanical Sciences 94: 311-321. DOI: http://doi.org/10.17129/botsci.490.

Fehse J, Hofstede R, Aguirre A, Paladines C, Kooijman A, Sevink J. 2002. High altitude tropical secondary forests: a competitive carbon sink? Forest Ecology and Management 163: 9-25. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(01)00535-7.

González-Espinosa M, Meave JA, Lorea-Hernández FG, Ibarra-Manríquez G, Newton AC. 2011. The Red List of Mexican Cloud Forest Trees. Cambridge: Fauna & Flora International. ISBN: 9781903703281.

Kaul M, Mohren GMJ, Dadhwal VK. 2010. Carbon storage and sequestration potential of selected tree species in India. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 15: 489-510. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1007/s11027-010-9230-5.

Lamb D, Erskine PD, Parrota JA. 2005. Restoration of degraded tropical forests landscapes. Science 310: 1628-1632. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1126/science.1111773.

Locatelli B, Catterall CP, Imbach P, Kumar C, Lasco R, Marín-Spiotta E, Mercer B, Powers JS, Schwartz N, Uriarte M. 2015. Tropical reforestation and climate change: beyond carbon. Restoration Ecology 23: 337-34. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1111/rec.12209.

Manly BFJ. 2001. Randomization, Bootstrap and Montecarlo Methods in Biology. Florida: Chapman & Hall/CRC. ISBN: 1-58488-541-6.

Márquez L. 2000. Elementos técnicos para inventarios de carbono en uso de suelo. Fundación solar. Guatemala: PROARCA/CAPAS. (accessed march 3,2013)

Mendoza-Hernández M. 2015. Incremento diamétrico de cinco especies arbóreas con potencial maderable del bosque mesofilo de montaña en el centro de Verecruz. MSc. Thesis. Universidad Veracruzana, Mexico. (accessed September 25, 2018).

Muñiz-Castro M, Williams-Linera G, Benítez-Malvido J. 2015. Restoring montane cloud forest: establishment of three Fagaceae species in the old fields of central Veracruz, Mexico. Restoration Ecology 23: 26-33. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1111/rec.12155.

Murcia C. 1997. Evaluation of Andean alder as a catalyst for recovery of tropical cloud forest in Colombia. Forestry Ecology and Management 99: 163-170. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(97)00202-8.

Orrego S, del Valle JI. 2001. Existencias y tasas de crecimiento neto de la biomasa y del carbono en bosques primarios y secundarios de Colombia. In: Simposio Internacional Medición y Monitoreo de la Captura de Carbono en Ecosistemas Forestales. Valdivia, Chile. https://www.uach.cl/procarbono/pdf/simposio_carbono/26_Orrego.PDF (accessed January 17, 2018).

Pareliussen I, Gunilla E, Olsson A, Armbruster WS. 2006. Factors limiting the survival of native tree seedlings used in conservation efforts at the edges of forest fragments in upland Madagascar. Restoration Ecology 14: 196-203. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1526-100X.2006.00121.x.

Pompa-García M, Sigala-Rodríguez JA, Jurado E, Flores J. 2017. Tissue carbon concentration of 175 Mexican forest species. Forest - Biogeosciences and Forestry 10: 754-758. DOI http://doi.org/10.3832/ifor2421-010.

R Core Team. 2013. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. (accessed january 13, 2013).

Ramírez-Bamonde ES, Sánchez-Velásquez LR, Andrade-Torres A. 2005. Seedling survival and growth of three species of Montane cloud forest in Mexico, under different canopy treatments. New Forests 30: 95-101. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1007/s11056-004-5397-5.

Rodríguez-Laguna R, Jiménez-Pérez J, Aguirre-Calderón OA, Treviño-Garza EJ. 2006. Estimación del carbono almacenado en un bosque de niebla en Tamaulipas, México. Ciencia-UANL 9: 179-187.

Russo RO. 1990. Evaluating Alnus acuminata as a component in agroforestry systems. Agroforestry Systems 10: 241-252. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1007/BF00122914.

Russo RO. 2005. Nitrogen Fixing Trees with Actinorhiza in Forestry and Agroforestry. In: Werner D, Newton WE, eds. Nitrogen Fixation in Agriculture, Forestry, Ecology, and the Environment. Netherlands: Springer. ISBN: 10 1-4020-3542-x.

Rzedowski J. 2006. Vegetación de México. 1ra. Edición digital, Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y uso de la Biodiversidad. México. (accessed January 21, 2018).

Sánchez-Velásquez LR, Ramírez-Bamonde E, Andrade-Torres A, Rodríguez-Torres P. 2008. Ecología, florística y restauración del bosque mesófilo de montaña. In: Sánchez-Velásquez LR, Galindo-González J, Díaz-Fleischer F, eds. Ecología, Manejo y conservación de los Ecosistemas de Montaña en México 10-32.Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad (CONABIO). Ciudad de México: Universidad Veracruzana y Mundi Prensa. ISBN 978-968-7462-57-8.

Santiago LS, Wright SJ. 2007. Leaf functional traits of tropical forest plants in relation to growth form. Functional Ecology 21: 19-27. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2435.2006.01218.x.

Shimamoto CY, Botosso PC, Marques MC. 2014. How much carbon is sequestered during the restoration of tropical forests? Estimates from tree species in the Brazilian Atlantic forest. Forest Ecology and Management 329: 1-9. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2014.06.002.

Siqueira JO, Saggin OJ. 2001. Dependency on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and responsiveness of some Brazilian native woody species. Mycorrhiza 11: 245-255. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1007/s005720100129.

Spracklen DV, Righelato R. 2014. Tropical montane forests are a larger than expected global carbon store. Biogeosciences 11: 2741-2754. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5194/bg-11-2741-2014.

Spracklen DV, Righelato R. 2016. Carbon storage and sequestration of re-growing montane forests in southern Ecuador. Forest Ecology and Management 364: 139-144. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2016.01.001.

Swamy SL, Mishra A. 2014. Comparison of biomass and C storage in three promising fast growing tree plantations under agroforestry system in sub-humid tropics of Chhattisgarh. Universal Journal of Agricultural Research 2: 284-296. DOI: http://doi.org/10.13189/ujar.2014.020802

Vázquez-Yanes C. 1998. Trema micrantha (L.) Blume (Ulmaceae): a promising neotropical tree for site amelioration of deforested land. Agroforestry Systems 40: 97-104. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1023/A:1006063010677.

Velázquez E, Gómez-Sal A. 2009. Different growth strategies in the tropical pioneer tree Trema micrantha during succession on a large landslide on Casita Volcano, Nicaragua. Journal of Tropical Ecology 25: 249-260. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1017/S0266467409006026.

Yoda K, Kira T, Ogawa H, Hozumi K. 1963. Intraspecific competition among higher plants. XI. Self-thinning in over-crowded pure stands under cultivated and natural conditions. Journal of Biology of Osaka City University 14: 107-129.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17129/botsci.2031

Article Metrics

Abstract Views.
Total number of Abstract Views for this article.
a description of the source 237
This journal








Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 

Botanical Sciences is an international peer-reviewed journal that publishes scientific papers in plant sciences. The arguments, figures / schemes / photographs, quality and the general contents of this publication are full responsibility of the authors, and not commit the Editor- in-Chief or the Sociedad Botánica de México.

Botanical Sciences year 8, Vol. 97, No. 1, January-March 2019. Quarterly publication edited and published by Sociedad Botánica de México A.C. (www.socbot.mx). Editor in Chief Salvador Arias, Jardín Botánico, Instituto de Biología, 3er Circuito s/n, Ciudad Universitaria, Delegación Coyoacán, C.P. 04510. Reserves of Rights to the Exclusive Use No. 04-2017-040716054100-203, digital-ISSN 2007-4476, both granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor. Responsible for updating the page Pedro López, email: plopez@escire.mx, eScire. Last update March 11, 2019.

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

 

 

website counter