Anatomía compara del tallo y de la raíz de las especies del género Neoevansia Marshall (Cactaceae)

Roberto Herrera-Cárdenas, Teresa Terrazas, Sofía Loza-Cornejo

Abstract


Anatomical characters of Neoevansia species were studied to gain insight in their contribution to the systematics of the genus. Characters of the dermal, fundamental, and vascular systems of the stem and root were evaluated and compared with severl species of Peniocereus, Wilcoxia, and Echinocereus. The results revealed that N. striata is characterized by a noncollenchymatous unistratified hypodermis and alternate intervascular pits in vessel elements in the secondary xylem; while N. lazaro-cardenasii and N. zopilotensis can be distinguished by their epidermic cell size and hypodermis width. The increment in volume in Neoevansia tuberous roots is mainly related to cell divisions in rays. Neoevansia lazaro-cardenasii, N. zopilotensis, and N. striata share with Peniocereus the fibrous wood and the phloem fiber cap. The results support the proposals of several authors to transfer the species of Neoevansia to the genus Peniocereus

Keywords


Neoevansia; Cactaceae; Cactoideae; stem anatomy; tuberous root

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17129/botsci.1623

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Botanical Sciences is an international peer-reviewed journal that publishes scientific papers in plant sciences. The arguments, figures / schemes / photographs, quality and the general contents of this publication are full responsibility of the authors, and not commit the Editor- in-Chief or the Sociedad Botánica de México.

Botanical Sciences year 8, Vol. 97, No. 1, January-March 2019. Quarterly publication edited and published by Sociedad Botánica de México A.C. (www.socbot.mx). Editor in Chief Salvador Arias, Jardín Botánico, Instituto de Biología, 3er Circuito s/n, Ciudad Universitaria, Delegación Coyoacán, C.P. 04510. Reserves of Rights to the Exclusive Use No. 04-2017-040716054100-203, digital-ISSN 2007-4476, both granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor. Responsible for updating the page Pedro López, email: plopez@escire.mx, eScire. Last update March 11, 2019.

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